Us Civil War Model 1860 Cavalry Sword W/scabbard-dated 1865 C. Roby
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Us Civil War Model 1860 Cavalry Sword W/scabbard-dated 1865 C. Roby:
US Civil War Model 1860 Cavalry Sword w/Scabbard-Dated 1865
C. ROBY W. CHELMSFORD, MASS
US/1865 AGMContent Description:
Saber. U.S. Cavalry Sword, Model 1860. Civil War Era. Black finish on brass branched handguard. Leather covered handgrip has bulging center, brass wires, black finish. Single edged curved blade has wide flat fuller with thin fuller running along top edge. Dark finished iron scabbard has two suspension rings.Physical Description:
H: 41" W: 5" (blade: 34 3/4")
Model 1860 Cavalry Sword - The 35" blade is maker marked & dated with C. Roby W. Chelmsford Mass & US 1865 A.G.M, blade showsNO rust withSOME nicks. Brass guard with a dark patina, leather shows LITTLE wear leather washer still intact. Scabbard withSPOTTING of rust, GOOD CONDITION overall (SEE PICTURES)
TheModel 1860 Light Cavalry Sabre(also known as the M1862 as this was when the first 800 were issued)was used byUS cavalryfrom theAmerican Civil Waruntil the end of theIndian wars; some were still in use during theSpanish-American War.It was 41in long with a 35in by 1in blade and weighed 2lb 4oz alone or 3lb 10oz with iron scabbard.
During the Civil War there was nolightorheavy cavalryin the US army. Instead there were "Dragoons" (founded 1830) "Mounted Riflemen", (founded c.1840) and "Cavalry" (founded 1856), distinguished by the orange, green or yellow piping on their uniforms.In 1861 these mounted regiments were renamed cavalry and given yellow piping.
The M1860 sabre received its name to distinguish it from the larger and heavierModel 1840 Heavy Cavalry Sabrethat it replaced. Like its predecessor it had a brass guard, leather-wrapped grip and steel scabbard but unlike the M1840 it was smaller and easier to handle.
By the end of the Civil War over 300,000 1860 sabres had been produced: 200,000 by Ames, 32,000 by Roby and many more by firms such asTiffany and Co, Glaze, Justice, and Emerson and Silver.M1860s were carried not only by cavalry but also by many infantry and staff officers as the regulationModel 1850 Army Staff & Field Officers' Swordhad to be privately purchased. High-ranking officers, like their European counterparts, often had their swords ornately engraved with gilding and foliage. Famous users includedGeorge Armstrong CusterandJ.E.B. Stuart.
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